Guadecitabine (formerly known as SGI-110) is a next-generation hypomethylating agent (HMA) composed of a dinucleotide of decitabine and deoxyguanosine (Figure 1). Guadecitabine is a dinucleotide resistant to degradation by cytidine deaminase (CDA) resulting in longer in vivo exposure to its active metabolite, decitabine, after a small volume ( ~ 1 mL) subcutaneous (SC) administration. A prospective phase 2 trial in 103 patients with relapsed or refractory AML (r/r AML) investigated 60 mg/m2 and 90mg/m2 doses in a 5-day regimen, and 60 mg/m2 in a 10-day regimen given every 28 days. In that trial, LINE-1 was used to measure general DNA demethylation and P15 gene promotor methylation was used to measure a specific tumor suppressor gene demethylation during Cycle 1 as potential markers of biological activity that may predict clinical response (See Trial Design in Figure 2).
View further details below
2017 ESH-AML: LINE-1 and P15 Demethylation May Predict Response to Guadecitabine