ASTX660 is an oral, novel nonpeptidomimetic, small-molecule antagonist of cellular/X-linked inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (cIAP1/2 and XIAP). ASTX660 is currently being evaluated in a first-in-human phase 1‒2 study in patients (pts) with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02503423). In the ongoing phase 2, ASTX660 has demonstrated preliminary evidence of clinical activity in the relapsed/refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) cohorts (Mehta et al, presented at the EHA Conference 2019, abs PS1073). Here, we report overall efficacy and safety data from the solid tumors (head and neck squamous cell carcinoma [HNSCC]; cervical carcinoma and other solid tumors) and lymphoma (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma [DLBCL], PTCL, CTCL,) phase 2 cohorts.
Pts received treatment with ASTX660 orally at the RP2D 180mg/day on days 1 to 7, and 15 to 22 in a 28-day cycle. In the first stage 14 evaluable pts were enrolled in each of the 6 phase 2 cohorts with the option to expand the cohort if activity was observed. The primary endpoint was response rate as assessed by the investigator according to the Lugano criteria (DLBCL and PTCL), Global Assessment (CTCL), or RECIST 1.1 (solid tumors). Adverse events (AEs) were assessed per CTCAE V4.03.
As of June 4, 2019, a total of 107 pts have received ASTX660 in the solid tumors and lymphoma phase 2 cohorts (HNSCC n=14; DLBCL n=16; PTCL n=26; CTCL n=23; cervical carcinoma n=14; other solid tumors n= 14). Median age (range) was 61 (23-84) years and median number (range) of prior anticancer regimens was 3 (0-12). Among all pts, the most common related AEs of any grade (≥ 10%) were rash (35%), lipase elevation (34%), amylase elevation (29%), diarrhea (14%), fatigue (14%), AST elevation (13%), nausea (13%), and anemia (11%). Related AEs ≥ Grade 3 occurring in ≥ 5% of pts were rash (18%), lipase elevation (16%) and amylase elevation (9%). As of 4 June 2019, 86 pts (80%) discontinued study treatment: 64 (60%) due to progressive disease, 13 (12%) due to AE, 4 (4%) due to death, 4 (4%) due to withdrawal by participant and 1 (1%) for investigator’s decision. At the time of analysis, the ORR was 36% in the PTCL cohort and 15% in the CTCL cohort. One PR was reported in a pt with metastatic melanoma after 12 cycles of treatment. No objective responses were reported in the HNSCC, DLBCL or cervical cohorts. Accrual in the PTCL and CTCL continues; updated efficacy and safety data will be presented at the meeting.
Conclusion: In the phase 2 part of the study ASTX660 monotherapy has demonstrated a manageable safety profile and encouraging activity in PTCL and CTCL warranting cohort expansion. Future plans include evaluation of ASXT660 both as mono- or combination therapy in selected malignancies.