2014 AACR: SGI-110 SQ provides superior disposition profile for active metabolite decitabine

Summary

  • SGI‐110 is a 2nd generation hypomethylating agent. It is a dinucleotide of decitabine (DAC) and deoxyguanosine; is resistant to deamination by cytidine deaminase and is in clinical evelopment for hematologic malignancies and solid tumors
  • Clinical PK data for SGI‐110 show lasting exposures (8 hr+) in parent form
  • Due to the slow release from SGI‐110 after SQ injection, exposure window for the active metabolite decitabine is prolonged compared to IV DAC, which is the proposed basis for the improved clinical activity emerging from early clinical trials with SGI‐110
  • The objective of this study was to characterize the mass balance and tissue distribution of [14C]SGI‐110 compared to IV [14C]DAC and evaluate the potential uptake into cells of SGI‐110 in parent form prior to conversion to active metabolite DAC

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2014 AACR: SGI-110 SQ provides superior disposition profile for active metabolite decitabine

2014 AACR: Clinical epigenetic resensitization of platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer

Summary

  • In the past 20 years there has been little change in the 1‐, 3‐, and 5‐ year survival rates for patients with
    ovarian cancer
  • 5‐year survival is ~25% for patients diagnosed with advanced stage disease
  • Recurrence is common and patients develop resistance to chemotherapy
  • Platinum resistant ovarian cancer is uniformly fatal and epigenetic changes have been implicated in the development of platinum resistance
  • Previous experience with decitabine, a hypomethylating agent, in combination with carboplatin demonstrated activity in recurrent platinum resistant ovarian cancer patients (Matei et al. Cancer Research 2012)
  • SGI‐110 is a dinucleotide of decitabine and deoxyguanosine, affords increased in vivo exposure of decitabine by protecting it from deamination due to slow release upon SQ injection
  • In Phase 1 studies, SGI‐110 provides longer exposure and more potent hypomethylation compared to decitabine. Combining SGI‐110 with carboplatin in this population may improve upon the encouraging preliminary results

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2014 AACR: Clinical epigenetic resensitization of platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer

2014 Clinical Epigenetics International Meeting.  Identification of Novel Biomarker Candidates

Summary

SGI-110 is a dinucleotide of decitabine (DAC) and deoxyguanosine designed to be more stable than decitabine to deamination by cytidine deaminase, thus offering a promising alternative to current approved HMAs. In our preclinical experiments, SGI-110 affected the clonogenic survival of malignant cells in various cancers, induced gene-specific as well as global LINE-1 (Long Interspersed Nucleotide Element 1) DNA hypomethylation in cell lines and xenograft models.
Here, we have identified novel predictive DNA-methylation biomarker candidates using an approach based on DMH profiling data of the NCI-60 cell line (Fassbender A et al, Methods Mol Biol 2010). Cell line stratification was based on EC50 values from Colony Forming Assays and LINE-1Methylation measurements.
Both data sets were used to classify the cell lines into SGI-110 sensitive and resistant groups and then used to generate three marker candidate sets with 249 genomic marker candidate sites in total that may be used for further assessment and classification, and might serve as a first step towards a predictive test.

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2014 Clinical Epigenetics International Meeting.  Identification of Novel Biomarker Candidates

2014 AACR: SGI-110 DNA HMA SGI-110 reverses Platinum resistance of ovarian cancer models

Summary

  • Patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer (OC) have a 5-year survival rate of less than 25%. The most common treatment strategy comprises debulking surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients commonly respond to first-line chemotherapy, but >70% relapse, developing platinum-resistance.
  • There is evidence that the acquisition of platinum resistance is associated with the epigenetic silencing of specific genes by DNA methylation.
  • SGI110 is a novel second generation DNA hypomethylating agent, which is  currently in a Phase II clinical trial in combination with carboplatin, in platinumresistant recurrent ovarian cancer patients (NCT01696032).
  • SGI110 is a dinucleotide of decitabine and deoxyguanosine, which is resistant to modification by cytidine deaminase: a common pathway of decitabine metabolism and deactivation.
  • Here we demonstrate that SGI110 reverses the cisplatin-resistance of the A2780 OC model, by abrogating the epigenetic silencing of MLH1. We demonstrate SGI110 activity in a panel of OC cell lines. We suggest that epigenetic silencing of ZIC1 is a mechanism of cisplatin resistance in the OAW28 and Ovcar8 cells and demonstrate that it is reversed by SGI110.

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2014 AACR: SGI-110 DNA HMA SGI-110 reverses Platinum resistance of ovarian cancer models

2013 ASH: First Clinical Results of a randomized Phase 2 study of SGI-110 in adult patients with AML

2013 ASH: First Clinical Results of a randomized Phase 2 study of SGI-110 in adult patients with AML

2013 ASH: Determinants of Demethylation and Clinical Response in AML patients treated with SGI-110

2013 ASH: Determinants of Demethylation and Clinical Response in AML patients treated with SGI-110

2013 ASH: DNA Demethylation Activity over time and safety regimens of SGI-110 in r/r MDS and AML pts

2013 ASH: DNA Demethylation Activity over time and safety regimens of SGI-110 in r/r MDS and AML pts

2013 Cell Symposia: Cancer Epigenomics. Anti-tumour Activity of SGI-110, a Novel Hypomethylating

2013 Cell Symposia: Cancer Epigenomics. Anti-tumour Activity of SGI-110, a Novel Hypomethylating

2013 ECCO: Study of correlation baseline biomarkers and DNA demethylation to clin response of SGI-11

2013 ECCO: Study of correlation baseline biomarkers and DNA demethylation to clin response of SGI-11

2013 AACR: SGI-110 induces Cancer Germline (CG) antigen expression in Acute Myeloid Leukemia cells

2013 AACR: SGI-110 induces Cancer Germline (CG) antigen expression in Acute Myeloid Leukemia cells