XIAP and cIAP1 are members of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family and are key regulators of anti-apoptotic and pro-survival signaling pathways. Overexpression of IAPs occurs in various cancers and has been associated with tumor progression and resistance to treatment. Structure-based drug design (SBDD) guided by structural information from X-ray crystallography, computational studies, and NMR solution conformational analysis was successfully applied to a fragment-derived lead resulting in AT-IAP, a potent, orally bioavailable, dual antagonist of XIAP and cIAP1 and a structurally novel chemical probe for IAP biology.
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Tamanini et al., “Discovery of a Potent Nonpeptidomimetic, Small-Molecule Antagonist of Cellular Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein 1 (cIAP1) and X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein (XIAP).” J. Med. Chem., 2017, 60(11), pp 4611-4625, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.6b01877